LANGUAGE

Click on the links below to view the map
California Indian Language Map(Courtesy of UC Berkeley Indian Library)
California Indian Root Languages(Courtesy of www.parks.ca.gov/)

Who is that?
Go away!
Look up this way!
Let’s run a race!
Come down!
Hand
Legs
Eye
Hair
Head
Back
Indian
Wild Indian
Fox
Ground squirrel
Grizzly bear
Coyote
Frog
Bat
Salmon
Newt
Trout
Lake
Water
Sand
Mountain
A flat
Saddle of mountain
Pinnacle of rock
House
Stone
Creek
A ford
Night
Trail
Obsidian
Hazel
Wild onion
Wild onion, another variety
White fir
Cedar
Brush, bushes
Spruce
Stingy
Straight
Ugly, bad-looking
High
Eat
Come down!
Who licked that off?
Who cut that off?
I’ll hit you
I am sorry
I’ll run too
I met him there
Cedar is soaking
Where do you come from?
Come here!
Get down
Look over!
Go away
I'm afraid of hime
Go away! I'm just going to hit you

Kinship Terms:

brother (man or woman speaking)
older brother (child speaking)
younger brother, sister, or cousin (adult speaking of child)
sister
older sister or girl cousin (child speaking)
sister or girl cousin (woman speaking)
father (man or woman speaking)
(my) wife/woman
(my) husband/man
paternal grandfather (man or woman speaking)
paternal grandmother (man or woman speaking)
maternal grandfather (man or woman speaking)
maternal grandmother (man or woman speaking)

Selected Phrases:

the winter big moon
The spring moon is out now
It is a full moon now
Now winter is here
a river bank downstream
mountain country
I sang
I ate
We’ll eat
We got through dancing
They are all fighting
Let’s watch the gambling
Please tell me about it
You drink it up
He’s going to get whipped
He went out that way
He’s running
You pick it up!
He’s dressed and ready to go
What are you saying?
He’s sure dressed up!

Place Names in the Shastan Language:

Big Humbug Creek
Black Mountain
Bogus Creek
Cottonwood Creek
Greenview (area around)
Hamburg (area around)
Henley Flat
Horse Creek
Indian Creek (in Scott Valley)
Klamath Lake
Klamath River
Little Shasta Butte
Moffett Creek
Mount Hood
Mount Shasta
Mugginsville (area around)
Oak Bar
Rogue River Valley
Scott Bar
Scott River
Scott Valley
Shasta Valley
Shasta Valley (around Montague)
Shasta Valley (area above Montague)
Sheep Rock
Shovel Creek
Table Rock
Willow Creek
Yreka
Yreka Valley and Creek

kpa’ha’po
ki'ts!iyatsau
qohi’ma qwa’ma
qwa’hapuas
kipa’k’hau
ki’poman
kaha’masakana’tsxsu
ki’'oi
t!a’wai
ki’na
ki’kiwatitxop
kis’apuhi’yu
iksin’ahutqe
ki’putska
ki’pnikawats
kamka’tsineau
qomu’tsau
k!uts’watin
kitcum’uni
ya’nni
tapa’kan
sa’hawai
tlin’apxau
kum’ma
kit’!uts
kip
pa’wi
he’mau
ti’poi
in’nnokwayig
qwa’sunip
kinapxig
hau’na
qumma’t’tlau
k!enom’
k!e’tspai
xas’kipama
ta’awanak
kwan’apxo
sa’maka
kin’axo, qoa'
ki’tsa
qohl’ma
kuxiwi’wi
is’abunnatsu’kum
atand’wig kip’xawi
pak’wai
tamma’hawe
kipa’k’hau
tcapa’ti nip’nit t!aias’
tcapa’ti taxes’
ass’hepannahap
ai’yukiyatc
k!wi’himati ts!a’ts!au
qi’si put’sup
kin’axo klu’patsipa’qua
tca’ma hayi
ma’tikina
klihi’tsinnihauwS
kis’ nitiknima
ki’ts!iyatsau
kip’isinikwai
yis’anamnas yas’amati tca- patitakya

Kinship Terms:

kariwa
ahuhi
a ’chuki
kwaku
achuna
achi
ata
(yapu) tari-chi
(yapu) awati 'kwa
atsmu
amu
akwid
achwit

Selected Phrases:

wukwitsu tchuar iknuk
ltna ’tsu tchuar gus gutsdjei.
Gus gwa-tin-tin
Gus wukwi gwihiuk.
wap-akni-ka
wak-we e-ki
Kwe-cna.
Kwickwa.
Cicku sa.
Yustehempicwa.
Kwam-ari-we-ke.
I-ya ce-kaha kehetap-ik.
Tahacu kim-akwaya-yak.
Kica-ci.
Yam-ar.
Kwi-ackwik.
Kwehe-tik.
Ni-icwik-a.
Rehiyawac-a.
Ya-a ku-ca isa tis-ay.
Makay rikaha-kwaya.

Place Names in the Shastan Language:

Tatsu'gaho
Mahohrik
Asura (Ah-soo-rah) ("pale manzanita")
Awukha (also Okwayiq)
Warikwi ’aka (Wa-re-kwi-ah-kah)
Aika
Kohapira
tiwukhatoh
lrui (I-roo-ee)
Auksi
Wasudigwa (Rogue River dialect)
Witihassa ("crotched"
) Asuri (Ah-soo-ree)
Makaiah
Wyeka (also spelled "Waiika")
Utitapo (Oo-tee-ta-po)
Ishui (Ish-shu-wee)
lkiruk
Asupak
Kowatsaha
Iruai (also It-to-wi)
Ahotida 'e
Ahutirie
Upikuqah
Kwitsa
Asurahowa
Kurutataga (Koo-roo-tah-tah-gah)
Asta
Uqati-amma ("many houses")
Kusta (Koos-tah)